Over-the-counter drugs Week 7 DQ

Re:Topic 7 DQ 1 (Obj. 7.1 and 7.3)

Over the counter drugs and dietary supplements are
popular and widely used today. People use over the counter medications to help
treat things like the common flu, allergies, and pain. Over the counter
medications are available at pretty much any store. With these medications the
individual is responsible for following the instructions on the labels when it
comes to dosage and time frame in taking medications. One still must be
cautious when taking these medications, if not taken correctly or misused, it
can cause dangerous effects. Some examples of over the counter medications
include: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Some potential risks
of taking aspirin daily include “gastric bleeding, increased time for blood clotting,
and Reye’s syndrome” (Levinthal, 2016, p. 272). Ibuprofen can cause kidney damage,
or kidney failure.

Dietary supplements are anything from vitamins, herbs,
plants, minerals. In a national survey in 2007, approximately 18 percent of
American adults reported using “natural products” (dietary supplements other
than vitamins and minerals) in the past year” (Levinthal, 2016, p. 276). Many
people take these supplements to help with their moods, energy, or simply to
help make them feel better. Government regulations for these medications are
different from over the counter or prescription medications. These supplements
are not required to be tested for effectiveness or safety. Some effects of
taking dietary supplement can include: nausea, headache, upset stomach,
diarrhea, dizziness, etc.

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Reference:

Levinthal, C. (2016). Drugs, behavior, and modern society (8 th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Publishing

My response:

Harry Cox

2 posts

Re:Topic 7 DQ 1 (Obj. 7.1 and 7.3)

Hello Professor and Class Mates

Describe the potential risks and side effect and how over the counter drugs mimic other drugs of the following: Over-the-counter drugs Week 7 DQ

Over-the-counter drugs the potential risk of using these types of over the counter drugs Four out of five U.S. adults often take OTC meds for such complaints, as well as problems like skin disorders and digestive trouble. For instance, acetaminophen, (Tylenol) which is the most over the counter medication used can be deadly as well as lead to strokes, heart attacks, anddeath. It is stated, “Acetaminophen overdoses are also responsible for more than 150 deaths each year in the U.S”. (Dr. Mercola, 2013, p. 1) Diphenhydramine, an antihistamine, is another commonly over the counter medication found in sleeping pills which can produce dizziness and drowsiness as well as craving like illicit drugs heroin, cocaine etc. PPI Over the counterproton pump inhibitors known as (PPI) used commonly for heartburn and acid reflux , “can cause potentially serious side effects, including pneumonia, bone loss, hip fractures, heart attack, and infection Clostridium difficile” and gastral bacteria as well as craving, tolerance and dependency on the PPI being taken drug. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ( NSAIDs), such asibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen is associated with serious side effects such as cardiovascular problems, Gastral bleeding, hypertension, and kidney problems, as well as irregular or rapid heartbeat, which can increase the risk for stroke and heart attack

Dietary supplements can be classified as herbal and non- herbal with herbal being used more in society than noon herbal. “Unlike OTC preparations, dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the FDA for safety and efficacy” (Levinthal, 2016, p. 278) Even though the scientific research is not finished on dietary supplements nine herbs, which have been researched Ephedra. Ginkgo, Ginseng, Hawthorn, Kava, St. John’s wort Saw palmetto, Turmeric and Valerian and all have been proven to put individuals at risk for having one or more of the following symptoms dis-orientation extreme euphoria, and hazardous irregular heart changes nausea, high blood pressure upset stomach, and liver damage.

Reference

Dr. Mercola, J. (2013). Breakfast Mistakes. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from ttps://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/04/01/breakfast-mistakes.aspx.

Levinthal, C. (2016). Drugs, Behavior, and Modern Society (8th ed.). United States of America: Pearson Education,Inc. Retrieved October 18, 2018

My response:

April Courtney

1 posts

Re:Topic 7 DQ 1 (Obj. 7.1 and 7.3)

Over-the-counter drugs are medications that people can buy without a prescription. These medications can include “pain, coughs and colds, diarrhea, constipation, acne and others” (NIDA, 2018, para. 1). Many people abuse OTC medicines and can become addicted to it. OTC drugs can have a negative impacts and cause “health problems including memory loss, kidney failure, heart problems and death” (Addiction Center, 2018). Dietary supplements are a common over the counter medicine that people take to lose weight. They are made up vitamins, minerals and herbs, they can cause harm when you take too much or can interact with your medications. Vitamin K decreases effectiveness of blood thinners, St. John’s Wort decreases certain drugs effectiveness, and some antioxidants decreased chemotherapy (NIH, 2018). Many dietary supplements are not FDA approved and don’t have a good quality. Taking too much of certain vitamins can cause health problems “too much vitamin A can cause headaches and liver damage, reduce bone strength, and cause birth defects. Excess iron causes nausea and vomiting and may damage the liver and other organs.” (NIH, 2018, para. 8).

Addiction Center. (2018). Over the counter (OTC) drug addiction, abuse and treatment. Retrieved from https://www.addictioncenter.com/drugs/over-the-counter-drugs/

NIDA. (2018). Over-the-counter medicines. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/over-counter-medicines

NIH. (2018). Dietary supplements: What you need to know. Retrieved from https://ods.od.nih.gov/HealthInformation/DS_WhatYouNeedToKnow.aspx

My response: Over-the-counter drugs Week 7 DQ

Week 7 DQ#2 Peer reviews. What are some of the reasons why people use performance-enhancing drugs? Do you think that people can become dependent on performance-enhancing drugs?

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