Multiple choice questions

Answer the following multiple choice questions by highlighting the answer. There is one correct answer per question.

Which historical perspective stated that psychologists should study the different components of the mind independently, because to understand how the conscious mind works, we must understand all of its individual parts completely?

Structuralism

Functionalism

Behaviorism

Gestalt

Psychodynamic

Edward Titchener used a method for studying the mind that became popular during the Structuralist period. The method, called _, required trained participants to report their conscious mental experiences to the investigator. For example, if a person was angry, they would report all of their experiences during the time they were angry.

empiricism

functionalism

contemplation

introspection

conscientiousness

A potential problem with research is __.

longitudinal; cohort differences

cross-sectional; subject attrition

cross-sectional; cohort differences

longitudinal; random assignment

cross-sectional; maturation

Research by _ legitimized psychological science when it became the first psychological research presented as evidence to the United States Supreme Court.

Muzafer Sherif

Irving Janis

Mamie Clark

Phillip Zimbardo

Kurt Lewin

To determine whether changing one variable like education will produce changes in another like income, we must conduct _________ research.

survey

correlational

experimental

statistical

basic

Mary is studying the effect of high blood sugar on intelligence test performance. Which of these might be her hypothesis?

People should not eat high sugar foods prior to IQ testing.

High sugar foods increase energy and improve IQ test performance.

People who eat high sugar foods before testing will have lower scores on an IQ test than people who do not.

Roughly 75% of people had lower IQ test scores after eating high sugar snacks right before testing.

Individuals should not be given high sugar snacks prior to IQ testing.

Which of the following research methods would be most effective in demonstrating whether the presence of others improves our performance of a task?

An experiment

A correlational study

A survey

A field study

An historical study

Which of the following psychological studies would you expect to have similar results cross-culturally?

Milgram’s study of obedience to authority

Asch’s conformity study

Study of the symptoms of mental illness

Study of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

Study of parenting parenting styles

  1. According to the APA Ethical Standards, psychologists must inform participants of the nature of the research; and that they are free to participate, decline to participate, or withdraw from the research at any time. These requirements, among others, are necessary to ensure the participants’ __.

anonymity

risk level

informed consent

debriefing

risk/benefit ratio

  1. Making an ethical decision involves

simply applying a clear and definitive set of guidelines for ethical research

deciding that an ethical decision is effective if it makes you happy

identifying what ethical guidelines are relevant in a situation and what is at stake for all parties involved

maintaining the anonymity of the researchers

maintaining the anonymity of the participants

  1. According to the APA Ethical Standards, who is ultimately responsible for the ethical conduct of research done in psychology?

The Institutional Review Board

The individual researchers

The sponsoring institution, such as the university

The assistants who test the participants

The funding agency

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