SUBDOMAIN 724.8 – EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE & APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH Competency 724.8.1: Primary Research – The graduate recognizes basic scientific research concepts and techniques, appreciates the ethics of nursing research, recognizes researchable questions, uses evaluative skills to critique current nursing research, and identifies statistical types. Competency 724.8.2: Translation of Research Evidence and Evidence Summary – The graduate applies concepts of nursing research to clinical practice situations, conducts reviews of the literature in relation to therapeutic approaches, and recognizes the importance of theoretical models in nursing practice or research. Objectives: 724.8.1-01: Critique an original research report for a nursing research article to determine how the researcher addresses the five areas of a research report. 724.8.1-02: Assess the strength of evidence presented in a given literature source on a specified topic. 724.8.1-03: Recognize what ethical issues may arise while conducting a nursing research study. 724.8.1-04: Recommend an appropriate type of research for a given nursing practice purpose. 724.8.1-05: Develop an annotated bibliography of nursing research articles that address a given evidence-based practice issue. 724.8.1-06: Identify types of statistically based tools commonly reported in evidence summaries from nursing research. 724.8.2-01: Use a given preconstructed expert search strategy to locate primary research in a specified major bibliographic database. 724.8.2-02: Identify the key criteria for a well developed evidence summary. 724.8.2-03: Explain why it is important to use a theoretical model for nursing research or practice. 724.8.2-04: Conduct an in-depth review of specified current peer-reviewed research articles to evaluate the efficacy of a specified therapeutic approach to a given clinical practice problem. 724.8.2-05: Recommend a practical application of a given theoretical model based on a review of current research. 724.8.2-06: Evaluate nursing care or management implications of a specified therapeutic nursing intervention based on a review of relevant literature. Introduction: Peer-reviewed research reports are reports reviewed by other credible experts in the field. Nursing, as a profession, uses peer-reviewed primary research reports to make credible and evidence-based practice implications and recommendations in the clinical area. In this task, you will collect and analyze 10 research reports (primary research evidence) on one topic of interest to you in nursing practice or healthcare. Task: A. Select piece of primary research (original research reports) from a research journal that has nursing implications and critique the article (suggested length of 2–3 pages) by doing the following: Note: Please notice that you can collect 10 research reports first and then select one of those to complete aspect A of this task. 1. Identify the article you have chosen in an APA-formatted citation. 2. Design a visual representation (e.g., graph or chart) to show how the researcher addressed the five areas of a research report (background information or introduction, review of the literature, discussion of methodology, specific data analysis, and conclusion). Note: You may use the following table. 3. Based on your analysis of the five areas, assess whether the evidence presented in the research report supports the researcher’s conclusion. 4. Discuss ethical issues that may have arisen for the researcher while conducting the research for the article. 5. Discuss the type of research used for the study. a. Explain whether or not other types of research would have been appropriate in the same situation. B. Conduct a literature search to evaluate nursing care or management implications of a nursing intervention by doing the following: 1. Discuss evidence for a nursing care or management problem. 2. Complete the attached matrix to list 10 primary research sources, in APA format, from scholarly journal sources you locate in major medical databases (e.g., CINAHL, PubMed, MedLine, or a hard copy journal). Note: In aspect B you should gather 9 more pieces of similar research on the same topic as in aspect A so you have a total of 10 pieces of primary research to make a practice implication (a minimum of 8 authors should be used). Note: You have access to major medical databases within the WGU Library. A1 Article: (indicate primary evidence chosen by way of an APA citation) A2 Background or Introduction A2 Review of the Literature A2 Discussion of Methodology A2 Data Analysis A2 Researcher’s conclusion Note: You may submit your completed matrix as a separate attachment to the task or you may include the matrix within your paper. Note: Credible sources may include professional journals, research reports, professional Web sites, governmental reports, and presentations from professional meetings. Primary research articles must not be more than ten years old. 3. Conduct a review of the 10 peer-reviewed research articles in which you do the following: a. Develop an annotated bibliography (suggested length of 2–3 pages) of the articles. Note: An annotated bibliography is one that includes not only a brief summary of content for each book or article reviewed, but also contains other relevant comments and information that the candidate believes can be of help for future study. See Web Links below for more information on annotated bibliographies. b. Discuss whether the researchers’ evidence collected is adequate to make a recommendation for a practice change. c. Identify whether the researchers chose tools that were similar or different. d. Discuss whether you believe the tools the researchers chose could have affected their results. 4. Develop an evidence summary of the articles, identifying at least two key criteria that were used to develop it. 5. Recommend a specific nursing strategy based on the researcher’s recommendations and evidence you found in your review. 6. Explain why you believe it is important to use a theoretical model for nursing research. C. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format. Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the attached Rubric Terms. Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the paper or project. Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Handout web link included in the General Instructions section.
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