Explain what is meant by “nature versus nurture”.

Module 1

• Student Assignment Booklet •

DCA1 A-C

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist

SCI

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist Module 1

DCA1 A-C

Printed in Canada

1

Introduction

Welcome to the first module of your Stratford Career Institute Drug & Alcohol Treatment

Specialist Program. No doubt you are eager to get started. Before you do, however,

please take a moment to read this Introduction. It will explain how the materials in this

package are designed to be used.

The reading material for Module One is a text entitled Preparing to Counsel Others. It offers an introduction to the field of counseling by providing information on several key

topics that are important to understand before one goes on to acquire the technical

details of particular social problems and interventions. The next module will be sent to

you automatically once you are close to completing the assignments in this first package.

In Module One you will be covering the following topics:

• The Foundations of Human Behavior

• The Process of Socialization

• Social Issues in General

• Social Issues in the Workplace

• A Recipe for Psychological and Social Wellness

• Counseling Tasks and Competencies

• Recognizing Ambiguity and Complexity

This Student Assignment Booklet divides the reading material for Module One into three

assignments as follows:

Assignment 1: Pages 1 to 35, Exam 1

Assignment 2: Pages 37 to 75, Exam 2

Assignment 3: Pages 77 to 98, Exam 3

Each assignment is preceded by a list of Learning Objectives and contains instructions

pertaining to the relevant exam and answer sheet. Read through the objectives before

you begin to study the material. Be sure to complete each assignment in the order

shown and send only your completed answer sheet to the school for evaluation.

Please send in each exam as you complete it, rather than saving them and sending

them in batches.

You may contact us with any questions or comments you may have about the material,

either in writing or via our toll-free instructional lines. Please refer to the Student

Handbook for more information on how to interact with the school. Our staff is here to

help you, and your input is valuable to us in our ongoing efforts to optimize this course

for our present and future students.

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Assignment 1

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist

Learning Objectives

After you have studied pages 1 to 35 of the reading material, you will be able to:

• Explain what is meant by “nature versus nurture”.

• Discuss human emotions and how and when they are acquired.

• Explore motives for human behavior and explain how motives are related to needs.

• Identify and describe a variety of defense mechanisms.

• Define culture and identify the levels on which it exists.

• Discuss the general role of social institutions.

• Describe the process of social development and the role parents play in it.

• Identify and discuss various forms of social maladjustment.

When you have completed the reading and feel confident you have mastered the

objectives, complete Exam 1, which begins on the next page.

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Exam 1

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist

DCA1A

Instructions: Select the item which best answers the question or makes the statement

true. In all cases there is only one best choice. Mark the letter of that choice on the

answer sheet provided. Upon completion of the exam send only the answer sheet to

the school for grading. Do not wait until you complete the next exam.

  1. Based on Freud’s terminology, the part of the mind that tries to achieve pleasure

is the __.

a. ego

b. superego

c. id

d. preconscious mind

  1. Your reading material suggests that “perhaps the single MOST fundamental

element for success as a counselor” is a/an __.

a. sound view of one’s own self, and of one’s role and limitations

b. compendium of technical knowledge about substance abuse and other

social problems

c. ability to enforce a strict code of conduct

d. high level of self-confidence

  1. In psychotherapy the MAIN role of a therapy such as hypnosis is to __.

a. activate the conscious mind

b. reign in the id

c. stimulate the preconscious mind

d. help unlock the subconscious mind

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  1. One of the MAIN distinctions between psychologists and psychiatrists is that,

unlike a psychologist, a psychiatrist __.

a. has a graduate degree

b. is a medical doctor

c. is less concerned with emotions

d. tends to treat people with no specific disorder

  1. Rationalization is the process of inventing __.

a. actions

b. emotions

c. solutions

d. reasons for behavior

  1. Sociology is BEST defined as the study of __.

a. individual human development

b. internal problems in people

c. how people behave in social settings

d. human personality traits

  1. Which of the following is OFTEN a more severe form of defense mechanism

than the others, and in its MOST extreme form can develop into amnesia?

a. repression

b. rationalization

c. procrastination

d. regression

  1. Your reading material lists several criteria that can be used to judge objectively

whether someone’s life is “successful” or “going well.” Which of the following is

NOT a correct restatement of one of these?

a. They are employed in some line of work, or alternative activity, that

makes them feel productive and competent.

b. They participate in society in a way that is acceptable to society itself.

c. They have a good level of general health and fitness, or are coping well

with any illness or disability.

d. Economically they enjoy an average or above average standard of living.

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  1. A person drinks half a dozen or more beers a day, but refuses to admit he has a

drinking problem. This is PRIMARILY an example of __.

a. regression

b. denial

c. procrastination

d. amnesia

  1. Any specific and definable mental/emotional disorder that threatens a person’s

well being and requires medical intervention is BEST termed a __.

a. psychosis

b. trauma

c. dysfunction

d. dependency

  1. When children become separated from the mainstream of society or from their

peer group, this is MOST specifically termed __.

a. debilitation

b. deprivation

c. alienation

d. deviance

  1. With regard to the expression “nature versus nurture”, where does genetics fit in?

a. Genetics is part of what is referred to as nurture.

b. Genetics is part of what is referred to as nature.

c. Genetics is a product of both nature and nurture.

d. Genetics is unrelated to either nature or nurture.

  1. Your reading material asserts that “Counseling works because __

change is possible.”

a. predispositional

b. sociological

c. moral

d. self-directed

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  1. Which of the following is a FALSE statement about human emotions?

a. Emotions are extensions of our physical senses.

b. The emotion of fear is a learned response.

c. Young infants already can experience very strong emotions.

d. Emotions convey important information to us.

  1. Your reading material points out that socialization of toddlers varies in proportion

to the quantity and quality of __ that they receive.

a. stimulation

b. supervision

c. nourishment

d. autonomy

  1. Which of the following is an important consideration when it comes to

determining the origins of a SPECIFIC problem or trait in an adult person?

a. upbringing

b. genetics

c. both a and b

d. It depends on the age of the person.

  1. Social institutions are formed PRIMARILY in response to systems of __.

a. enterprise

b. belief

c. accreditation

d. learning

  1. Sigmund Freud pointed out the harm that can result from __.

a. inadequate social welfare structure

b. institutionalizing patients

c. the failure to meet self-actualization needs

d. ignoring strong emotions

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  1. Culture exists on the level of or within __.

a. nations

b. organizations

c. both a and b

d. none of the above

  1. Which of the following is at the BOTTOM of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?

a. physical needs

b. safety needs

c. esteem needs

d. social needs

This completes Exam 1. Please be sure to transfer your answers to the answer sheet

after reviewing them. Then mail the answer sheet to the school in the postage-paid

envelope provided, submit it through our web site at www.scitraining.com, or fax it to

us toll-free at 1-888-486-9428. You may begin Assignment 2.

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Please remember to write your student number in the space provided.

ANSWER SHEET

Exam 1

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Assignment 2

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist

Learning Objectives

After you have studied pages 37 to 75 of the reading material, you will be able to:

• Define and describe the following social issues and their impacts on individuals and

society:

– poverty

– alcoholism and drug abuse

– domestic violence

– racism and discrimination

• Define and describe the following social issues in the workplace, and discuss the

harm they do from the perspectives of employees and employers:

– absenteeism

– sexual harassment

– stress in the workplace

• Discuss the importance of goal setting.

• Describe how and why one should participate in self evaluation.

• Explain the importance of positive thinking and detail some of the basic philosophies

and practices of positive thinkers.

When you have completed the reading and feel confident you have mastered the

objectives, complete Exam 2, which begins on the next page.

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Exam 2

Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist

DCA1B

Instructions: Select the item which best answers the question or makes the statement

true. In all cases there is only one best choice. Mark the letter of that choice on the

answer sheet provided. Upon completion of the exam send only the answer sheet to

the school for grading. Do not wait until you complete the next exam.

  1. Stress has many different causes, but according to your reading material the

kEY element to all of them is that they are “__”.

a. intrinsic

b. upsetting

c. cumulative

d. unpredictable

  1. Some experts define the poverty line as applying to any family that is required

to spend more than __% of their income on the basic necessities of

food, clothing, and shelter.

a. 50

b. 60 to 65

c. 75

d. 85

  1. Which of the following is a FALSE statement about stress or handling it?

a. It may take some effort, but the key to dealing with stress is eliminating

all of the things that tend to cause it.

b. Athletic activities can provide both physical and psychological benefits to

persons suffering from stress.

c. During times that are particularly stressful it is recommended that you

treat yourself to something positive or pleasurable.

d. Stress can have a devastating effect upon physical health, human

relations, and social interactions.

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  1. Alcoholism contributes to __% of all fatal traffic accidents.

a. 25

b. 33

c. 40

d. 50

  1. Which factor in causing stress does your reading material say is OFTEN

underestimated?

a. work responsibilities

b. unpleasant domestic situations

c. boredom

d. confrontation

  1. Your reading material identifies four situations, one or more of which indicates

that a person clearly has a drinking problem. Which of the following is NOT an

accurate restatement of one of these?

a. the person consumes alcohol on a daily basis

b. the person suffers financial losses and/or wasted opportunities because

of drinking

c. drinking causes a strain in the person’s relationships

d. the drinking has caused accidents, injuries, or illness

  1. One of the MAIN reasons discussed in your reading material for why people

often tend not to deal with their boredom problem is that they make the

fundamental error of __.

a. trying too hard to fix things

b. blaming others for it

c. looking for a medical solution

d. expecting life to be stimulating

  1. By definition verbal abuse MOST specifically involves __.

a. the use of foul language while delivering criticism

b. any unpleasant comments made in an angry tone

c. attempts to break down someone’s dignity, confidence, or self-esteem

d. strongly worded verbal opposition to a person’s actions

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  1. What is the MAIN value of goal setting when it comes to managing large tasks?

a. It allows us to postpone unpleasant tasks until they really need to be tackled.

b. It allows us to develop more contexts around tasks.

c. It helps us not to take these tasks too seriously.

d. It allows these tasks to be divided up into manageable parts.

  1. Discrimination is unjust MOST specifically because it is based on __.

a. actions that may have a justifiable explanation

b. assumptions or fears that have nothing to do with the individual

c. a misunderstanding of social problems

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