Writing Arguments: A Rhetoric with Readings 11e
Part Four: Arguments in Depth: Types of Claims
Chapter 11 “An Introduction to the Types of Claims” p. 212-220
Chapter 12 “Definition and Resemblance Arguments” p. 221-240
Chapter 13 “Causal Arguments” p. 250-265
Chapter 14 “Evaluation and Ethical Arguments” p. 280-294
Chapter 15 “Proposal Arguments” p. 306-323
This week you will be introduced to the six core argument types while building upon your knowledge of the rhetorical situation and avoiding fallacious reasoning. We are going to take a deep dive into making hybrid arguments. This is going to require you to identify each type of argument claim (e.g. Definition, resemblance, causal, evaluation, ethical, and proposal) and connect this argument to an audience. As you read and work through this week, consider the reflexive relationship between moving an audience and changing your rhetoric.
You will need to post initial responses and peer responses in a timely manner, responding to instructor discussion threads/prompts or posting uniquely generated content.
Instructor Prompt #1:
When the author’s describe argument as “Hybrid” what do you think they are referring to? What does this look like? And how do you practice it? Now that you are familiar with the six core argument types, what are the expectations when we are trying to reach new audiences? Use examples from Part Four: Arguments in Depth/Types of Claims as evidence to support you answers.
Instructor Prompt #2:
Now that you are familiar with the six core argument types, I want you to think about what they look like in practice through completing the following exercise:
Below are a list of highly politicized arguments that you likely have personal thoughts, ideas, convictions regarding, and have aligned with a particular camp/side.
For this exercise, your personal ideology or opinion is not important but rather I’m asking you to imagine how an audience would react using a claim type.
Please select ONE of the following topics and imagine how 1) someone who supports the issue and 2) someone who opposes the issue would argue. I want you to think about the “popular” arguments surrounding these issues and do your best to link them to one of the six claim types. You don’t need to “invent” and argument type or reason pro/con because these arguments are everywhere in the US.
Anti-Vaccination, Building a Wall Between the US & Mexico, Legality of Abortion, Free College Tuition, Limiting Gun Rights, Self Driving Vehicles, Paying College Athletes a Salary, Vegetarianism/Food Sustainability, Bias News Media (Fake News/Post-Truth), Kneeling for the National Anthem (professional sports), Eco-Taxation (penalizing companies who don’t follow emission standards), Banning Cigarettes or E-Cigs (vaping, etc), The Legalization of Marijuana.
Part B: “Frequently in culture, politics, and even interpersonal argument situations, instead of hybridizing an argument, we tend to just make our Rhetoric louder.” Please evaluate this statement (whether or not you agree or disagree with it) and explain how does this statement relate to the exercise you did in Part A?
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